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Plaça de Catalunya

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The Catalonia Square. Photo: Eva
The Catalonia Square (Plaça de Catalunya in Catalan) is the most central and important square in the city, the true heart of Barcelona. It is the second largest square in Barcelona, with an area of 30,000 square meters, and the point of union between the old town (Ciutat Vella) and the Eixample district. Surrounded by large shopping centers, stores, banks, hotels, bars and restaurants, Catalunya square is a lively place, a meeting point animated to any hour. Concerts, exhibitions and other public events are held in the large circular space located in the center.

Formerly the place occupied today by the Catalunya Square was a large open space located outside the city walls. The urbanization began in 1902 following the project of the architect Pere Falqués. On 2 November 1927 the square was inaugurated by King Alfonso XIII. Here were located some of the most luxurious hotels, restaurants and theaters in Barcelona, but most of them are now only memories, being replaced by modern buildings.

The square houses several ornamental fountains and numerous sculptures by important artists such as Josep Llimona, Enrique Casanovas, Pau Gargallo, Josep Clarà and others. It is noteworthy the monument dedicated to Francesc Macià, a work of Josep Maria Subirachs placed in 1991 at the south end of the square, in front of the Ramblas. The multicolored mosaic of the central part of the square represents a Rose of the Winds but does not coincide with the cardinal points.
The Catalunya Square is one of the most important transport centers in Barcelona. From here depart eight of the main arteries of the city. Numerous bus, metro and rail lines leave or stop in the area.

Public transport
Metro
Catalunya Station - lines L1 and L3
Bus
Lines 14, 24, 41, 42, 55, 58, 59, 67, 68, 91, H16 and V15.
FGC Train
Plaça Catalunya Station - lines L6, L7, S1, S2, S5 and S55
Rodalies commuter train
Plaça Catalunya Stataion - lines R1, R3 and R4
Tourist bus
Plaça Catalunya stop - red and blue routes